How will Ukraine and its international partners emerge from the export crisis?

Ukraine’s forecasts for agricultural exports in 2022 will be much more modest due to Russia’s aggression compared to 2021 exports. This was reported by Forbes >.

Last year, Ukrainian exports amounted to $ 27.7 billion, while the forecast for this year is only $ 15.1 billion. Only this temporary failure in normal food exports from Ukraine is equivalent to the loss of 4% of wheat, 9% of corn and almost 30% sunflower oil exports worldwide.

Water transport, in particular maritime transport, which accounted for about 90% of Ukraine’s agricultural output, was important for exports. Currently, Ukraine’s seaports are blocked, as are exports. Land transit through Belarus and Russia has also been blocked. So far, all current flows are supported by EU countries or in transit through them to other ports.

With the support of the Government of Ukraine, business and partner countries, they are currently actively working on logistics to ensure stable export routes and customs clearance of goods, as well as inspections of goods. The Ukrainian government has also recently set up an Agricultural Logistics Coordinating Council to monitor and facilitate the resolution of logistics issues to ensure that Ukrainian businesses meet all their possible contractual export obligations.

The Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine is also negotiating with European partners on financial assistance to Ukrainian farmers. A number of EU member states have responded to our needs: Poland is speeding up border procedures and transporting Ukrainian products, the G7 is fully supporting Ukraine’s new supply chains, and Austria has recently lifted restrictions on Ukrainian carriers so that Ukrainian goods can now be transported through Austria without any permits. , which, together with restrictions previously lifted by Slovakia and Italy, allows Ukraine to freely supply our agricultural products to Italy and Italian seaports.

All border countries have responded to the problem of grain exports from Ukraine to third countries and have either significantly simplified cargo transportation procedures or are actively working on it. In particular, liberal conditions for Ukrainian carriers have been introduced by Romania, Slovakia, Hungary, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, as well as Italy, Turkey, Bulgaria, Georgia, Denmark, Greece and, more recently, Austria.

Ukraine appreciates any support from the international community, business, volunteers and everyone who is with us now. In this context, our Government and people are doing everything possible to reduce the negative impact of the war against Ukraine on the world in terms of food and to remain the guarantor of the world’s food security.